Labor Force

 Texas is a Right-to-Work state.

 

Commuting Patterns

Where Employees Live (2011) — Nacogdoches City
Residence Location Percent
Total  100%
Nacogdoches City, TX 26.5%
Lufkin City, TX 3.7%
Houston City, TX 1.6%
Dallas City, TX 1.3%
Longview City, TX 0.7%
Fort Worth City, TX 0.7%
Garrison City, TX 0.6%
Hudson City, TX 0.5%
Cushing City, TX 0.5%
Appleby City, TX 0.4%
All Other Locations 63.5%
Total In-Commuting Non-Residents 73.5%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

 

Where Residents Work (2011) — Nacogdoches City
Employment Location Percent
Total  100%
Nacogdoches City, TX 53.5%
Lufkin City, TX 9.3%
Houston City, TX 3.4%
Center City, TX 1.6%
Tyler City, TX 1.5%
Longview City, TX 1.1%
Beaumont City, TX 0.8%
Rusk City, TX 0.8%
Jasper City, TX 0.7%
Garrison City, TX 0.6%
All Other Locations 26.8%
Total Out-Commuting Residents 46.5%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

  

Commutation (2013) — Nacogdoches County
Drive Time Category Percent
Workforce with under 15-minute commute, or who work at home 49.0%
Workforce with 15-to-29-minute commute 29.7%
Workforce with 30-59-minute commute 17.3%
Workforce with 60-minute or more commute 4.0%
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau 2009-2013, 5-Year American Community Survey

 

Employee Earnings by Industry Sector

Average Annual Employee Earnings by Industry (2013) — Nacogdoches County
Occupational Group NAICS Earnings
Total    $39,053
Forestry, Fishing, Hunting, Agriculture Support 11 $30,438
Mining 21 $89,576
Utilities 22 $49,515
Construction 23 $44,510
Manufacturing 31 $38,883
Wholesale Trade 42 $41,253
Retail Trade 44 $26,322
Transportation & Warehousing 48 $39,095
Information 51 $46,899
Finance & Insurance 52 $46,483
Real Estate and Rental & Leasing 53 $37,561
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 54 $37,408
Management of Companies & Enterprises 55 $88,155
Administration & Support, Waste Mangement & Remediation 56 $24,524
Educational Services 61 $15,920
Healthcare and Social Assistance 62 $34,898
Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 71 $9,937
Accommodation & Food Services 72 $13,312
Other Services (except public administration) 81 $27,583
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (QCEW)
 

 

Employment by Industry

Establishment Employment by Industry (2013) — Nacogdoches County
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Total  17,171 100%
Forestry, Fishing, Hunting, Agriculture Support 366 1.8%
Mining 40 0.3%
Utilities 38 0.4%
Construction 980 1.0%
Manufacturing 2,935 1.5%
Wholesale Trade 818 0.9%
Retail Trade 2,789 1.1%
Transportation & Warehousing 124 0.2%
Information 150 0.3%
Finance & Insurance 680 0.7%
Real Estate and Rental & Leasing 269 0.8%
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 367 0.3%
Management of Companies & Enterprises 36 0.1%
Administration & Support, Waste Management and Remediation 1,259 0.9%
Educational Services 52 0.1%
Healthcare and Social Assistance 2,674 0.9%
Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 129 0.4%
Accommodation & Food Services 2,519 1.3%
Other Services (except public administration) 458 0.7%
Public Administration 488 0.1%
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (QCEW)
 

 

Employment by Occupation

Resident Employment by Occupation (2013) — Nacogdoches County
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Total  22,023 100%
Private 16,712 75.9%
Agriculture, Forestry, Hunting 366 1.7%
Mining 40 0.2%
Construction 1,028 4.7%
Manufacturing 2,935 13.3%
Wholesale Trade 818 3.7%
Retail Trade 2,789 12.7%
Transportation, Warehousing 212 1.0%
Utilities 79 0.4%
Information 150 0.7%
Finance & Insurance 680 3.1%
Real Estate, Rental/Leasing 269 1.2%
Professional, Technical Services 367 1.7%
Management of Companies, Enterprises 36 0.2%
Administrative, Waste Services 1,259 5.7%
Educational Services 52 0.2%
Healthcare, Social Assistance 2,673 12.1%
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation 129 0.6%
Accomodation & Food Services 2,519 11.4%
Other Services, Excluding Public Admin. 485 2.2%
Public Administration 683 3.1%
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)
 

 

Employment Clusters

The Industry Cluster data tool helps the practitioner see networks of businesses that are creating wealth in their local or regional economy. The tool focuses on 17 clusters across the United States to provide a framework that is easy to understand.

A Location Quotient over 1.0 means that a region has a higher concentration of employment in a particular industry than the national average.

Industry Clusters — Nacogdoches County
Industry Location Quotient
Advanced Materials .73
Agribusiness, Food Processing & Technology 2.35
Apparel & Textiles .54
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation & Visitor Industries .97
Biomedical / Biochemical (Life Sciences) 1.21
Business & Financial Services .78
Chemicals & Chemical-based Products 1.27
Defense & Security .67
Education & Knowledge Creation .41
Energy (Fossil & Renewable) 1.46
Forest & Wood Products 3.27
Information Technology & Telecommunications .38
Transportation & Logistics .80
Manufacturing Supercluster: .78
     Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing .75
     Machinery Manufacturing .33
     Computer & Electronic Product Manufacturing .78
     Electrical Equipment, Appliance & Component Manufacturing 2.86
     Transportation Equipment Manufacturing .63
Printing & Publishing .67
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

 

Occupational Clusters — Nacogdoches County
Occupation Location Quotient
Managerial, Sales, Marketing and HR .76
Skilled Production Workers: Technicians, Operators, Trades, Installers & Repairers 1.03
Health Care and Medical Science (Aggregate) .99
Health Care and Medical Science (Medical Technicians) 1.07
Health Care and Medical Science (Therapy, Counseling and Rehabilitation) .96
Mathematics, Statistics, Data and Accounting .50
Legal and Financial Services, and Real Estate (L & FIRE) .81
Information Technology (IT) .36
Natural Sciences and Environmental Management .86
Agribusiness and Food Technology 2.88
Primary/Secondary and Vocational Education, Remediation & Social Services 1.21
Building, Landscape and Construction Design .90
Engineering and Related Sciences .33
Personal Services Occupations .76
Arts, Entertainment, Publishing and Broadcasting .68
Public Safety and Domestic Security 2.14
Postsecondary Education and Knowledge Creation .98
Technology-based Knowledge Clusters .59
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

 

High-Knowledge Occupational Employment

Resident High-Knowledge Occupational Employment (2010) — Nacogdoches County
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Total  9,608 100%
Healthcare Practitioner/Technician 1,549 16.1%
Life/Physical/Social Science 298 3.1%
Architecture/Engineering 309 3.2%
Arts/Design/Entertainment/Sports/Media 645 6.7%
Business and Financial Operations 617 6.4%
Computer and Mathematical 298 3.1%
Education/Training/Library 3,009 31.3%
Legal 210 2.2%
Management, including Farmers/Farm Managers 2,674 27.8%
 
SOURCE: Nielsen-Claritas, Inc., U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Wadley-Donovan  GrowthTech

Labor Force Participation

Civilian Labor Force — Nacogdoches County
Year Number
2000 29,030
2010 32,276
March 2015 28,282
% Change 2010-2015 13%
 
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (QCEW)
 
 
White & Blue Collar Occupational Distribution (2014) — Nacogdoches County
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Blue Collar 16,706 59%
White Collar 11,371 40%
 
SOURCE: Texas Wide Open
 
 
Labor Participation by Gender (2014) — Nacogdoches County
Gender Percent
Male 49.3%
Female 45.3%
Total 100.0%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources
 

 

Labor Shed (60 Minutes)

Demographics

The following is a Population & Demographics breakdown of the 60-Minute Labor Shed Profile for Nacogdoches County.

Population Growth (1980-2019 Projected) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
Year Population Percent
1980 436,030  
1990 481,638 10.5%
2000 539,268 12.0%
2010 586,206 8.7%
2014 602,427 2.8%
2019 Projected 629,327 4.0%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources
 

 

Diversity (2014) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
White 71.1%
Black/African-American 17.7%
Asian 0.7%
American Indian 0.7%
Pacific Islander 0%
Other 9.7%
  
Hispanic or Latino 16.1%
Not Hispanic or Latino 83.9%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

 

Median Household Income (2014) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
Year Amount
2010  $33,003
2014* $42,243
2015  $34,502
Change 2010-2015 4.5%
SOURCE: *Decision Data Resources, Nielsen-Claritas, Inc., Wadley-Donovan GrowthTech, LLC
 
 
Household Income Distribution (2014) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
Households 222,868
Less than $35,000 42.1%
Between $35,000 and $75,000  32.8%
Greater than $75,000 25%
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources
 
 
 

Educational Attainment — 60 Minute Labor Shed

Highest Level 2014
No High School Diploma 19.9%
High School Diploma Only 33.4%
1 to 3 Years College 23.9%
Associate Degree 6.3%
Bachelors Degree 11.3%
Graduate Degree 5.1%
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources
 

 

Age Distribution (by Percentage) —  60 Minute Labor Shed

Age Group (in Years) 2014
0-17 23.6%
18-34 23.5%
35-54 24.6%
55-64 12.4%
65-74 8.9%
75 and Over 6.9%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

 

Age Distribution (Numeric) — 60 Minute Labor Shed

Age Group (in Years) 2014
0-17 142,847
18-34 141,154
35-54 148,016
55-64 74,431
65-74 54,092
75 and Over 41,887
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

 

 

Median Age — 60 Minute Labor Shed

Year Age
2014 37.4
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

 Labor

The following is a Labor Force breakdown of the 60-Minute Labor Shed Profile for Nacogdoches County.

Resident Employment by Occupation (2014) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Total  438,737 100%
Building & Grounds Maintenance 23,829 5.4%
Community & Social Services 7,998 1.8%
Constructions & Extraction 45,021 10.3%
Farming/Fishing/Forestry 1,566 0.4%
Food Preparation/Serving 30,058 6.9%
Healthcare Support 18,214 4.2%
Installation/Maintenance/Repair Workers 26,538 6.0%
Material Moving 15,903 4.0%
Office & Administrative Support 95,762 21.8%
Personal Care & Service 25,973 6.0%
Production Workers 41,450 9.4%
Protective Services 14,076 3.2%
Sales 70,770 16.1%
Transportation Workers 21,579 5.0%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

Civilian Labor Force — 60 Minute Labor Shed
  Percent
In Armed Forces 0.10%
Employed 94.3%
Unemployed 5.6%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources

  
White & Blue Collar Occupational Distribution (2014) — 60 Minute Labor Shed
Occupational Group Employment Percent
Blue Collar  245,993 40%
White Collar 375,209 60%
 
SOURCE: Decision Data Resources
 
 

 

Salaries by Occupation

Median Annual Salaries by Occupation (2015) — Nacogdoches County
 Occupation Description Median Salary
 Accounting Clerk, Intermediate Level $34,609
 General Clerk, Intermediate Level $28,261
 Call Center Representative II - inbound $27,553
 Customer Service Representative, Intermediate Level   $32,047
 Customer Service Representative, e-Commerce $29,202
 Electrician, Intermediate Level $46,063
 Computer Operator, Intermediate Level  $40,146
 Network Administrator, Intermediate Level $58,415
 Programmer, Intermediate Level  $60,750
 Fork Lift Operator  $28,631
 General Laborer  $25,204
 Operations Research Analyst, Intermediate Level  $51,388
 
 SOURCE: Salary.com

 

Unions & Insurance

Workers' Compensation Insurance (2015) — Nacogdoches County
 Rate — Average Manufacturing $5.24
 Rate — Clerical Code 8810 $0.27
 Maximum Weekly Benefit Amount $855
 SOURCE: Texas Department of Insurance
 
State Unemployment Insurance (2015) — Nacogdoches County
 Unemployment Insurance Rate (Average Existing Employers) 0.51% - 7.41%
 Unemployment Insurance Rate (New Employers) 2.7%
 Unemployment Insurance Taxable Base $9,000
 Unemployment Insurance Maximum Weekly Benefit Amount $465
 SOURCE: US Department of Labor
 
State Labor Legislation — Texas
 Employment-at-Will legislation in effect? Yes
 Right-to-Work law in effect? Yes
 SOURCE: State of Texas, Wadley-Donovan  GrowthTech, LLC
 

 

 Union Elections — Nacogdoches County
 Year # of Elections Union Wins Union Losses # Certifications/
# Decertifications
 2015    No Union Elections Held  
 2014    No Union Elections Held  
 2013    No Union Elections Held  
 2012    No Union Elections Held  
 2011    No Union Elections Held  
 2010    No Union Elections Held  
Source: National Labor Relations Board, LRI, Wadley-Donovan GrowthTech, LLC

 

Wage & Benefits Survey

2013 Wage & Benefits Survey for Nacogdoches & Angelina Counties. The 2013 Wage & Benefit Survey was conducted to collect wage and benefit data for employers located in Nacogdoches & Angelina counties. The survey is comparable to similar studies conducted for Nacogdoches County in 1997, 1998, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2011.

 

Worker Training Programs

Work Opportunity Tax Credit is a federal tax credit used to reduce the federal tax liability of private-for-profit employers. Employers can hire from eight different targeted groups.  

Fidelity Bonding. The Texas Workforce Commission offers free fidelity bonding services designed to eliminate bonding as a barrier to employment and alleviate employer concerns about hiring "at-risk" job applicants. 
 
IRS Tax Credits. There are actually quite a few tax credits available to help businesses. 
 

Training

Skills Development Fund.  A business, consortium of business, or a trade union identifies a training need, then partners with a public community or technical college to fill its specific needs. Businesses work with college partners to submit proposals, develop curricula and conduct training. The Skills Development Fund pays for the training, the college administers the grant, and businesses create new jobs and improve the skills of their workers.  Here's how it works.
 
A public community, technical college or the Texas Engineering Extension Service is the grant applicant, fiscal agent, and coordinator for the training executed under a Skills Development Fund Grant Project.
 
Skills Development Fund grants can cover tuition, curriculum development, instructor fees and training materials. Training includes:
  • Tailored curriculum.
  • Classes conducted at the employer's site or at the training provider's location.
  • Flexible class schedules to minimize impact to employers.
  • Addressing company needs in real time with real situations.

Project proposal submissions are accepted throughout the year. Projects typically are executed over a 12-month period.

Self-Sufficiency Fund

The Self-Sufficiency Fund Program, administered by the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC), assists businesses by designing, financing and implementing customized job training programs in partnership with public community and technical colleges, a higher education extension service, and community-based organizations for the creation of new jobs and/or the retraining of existing workforce. The goal of the Self-Sufficiency Fund is to assist recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP), or a parent, including a noncustodial parent, whose annual wages are at or below $37,000, to obtain training, find jobs, and become independent of government financial assistance.

On-The-Job and Customized Training

Eligible employers must commit to hiring and retaining participants who successfully complete their training programs. Employers who have exhibited a pattern of not retaining participants are not allowed to continue participating in these types of training. The actual terms and duration of the training activities are formalized contractually after negotiations between the employer and the local program operator.

On-The-Job Training

Focused on jobs involving the introduction of new technologies, production or service procedures; upgrading to new jobs that require additional skills or workplace literacy; or other appropriate purposes identified by the Board.

  • OJT provides knowledge or skills essential to the full and adequate performance of the job.
  • The employer is reimbursed up to 50% of the wage rate of the individual for the extraordinary costs of providing the training and increased supervision related to the training.
  • OJT is limited in duration based upon the target occupation for which the participant is being trained, the participant’s prior work experience and the service strategy.

Customized Training is Training:

  • That is designed to meet the special requirements of an employer (including a group of employers).
  • That is conducted with a commitment by the employer to employ an individual on successful completion of the training.
  • For which the employer pays for not less than 50% of the cost of the training.
  • The employer can be in the public, private non-profit or private sector.